What does this mean?

People using screen readers are not able to see the layout of a form. To make forms accessible, they must define explicit text labels for each form control.

Usually the best solution is to use a <label> element. The label may be linked to by the form control:

<label for="name">Full name</label>
<input type="name" id="name">

or the <label> can be wrapped around the form control:

<label>
    Full name <input type="name">
</label>

Buttons are different, as their labels are specified by the code for the button, e.g.

<input type="submit" value="Send message">
<button>Send message</button>

Alternatively ARIA attributes, such as aria-label may be used, but this information will not be conveyed to visual users. For more information, see W3C's guide to labeling controls.

Hidden input fields (<input type="hidden">) do not require labels. Note that the placeholder attribute should not be used as an alternative to a label.



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HTML Found on page Issues
<input type="checkbox" name="gdpr[]" value="necessary" checked="checked" disabled="disabled"> 126
<input required name="query" title="Search query" type="text" value accesskey="q" placeholder="Search University of South Wales…" class="form-control query searchbox ui-autocomplete-input" data-ng-disabled="isDisplayed('cart') || isDisplayed('history')" autocomplete="off"> 125
<input required name="query" title="Search query" type="text" value accesskey="q" placeholder="Search Courses…" class="form-control pre-query-courses searchbox" data-ng-disabled="isDisplayed('cart') || isDisplayed('history')" autocomplete="off"> 4
<button type="submit" id="presearch-btn">...</button> 4
<input required name="query" title="Search query" type="text" value accesskey="q" placeholder="Search Courses..." class="form-control query searchbox ui-autocomplete-input" data-ng-disabled="isDisplayed('cart') || isDisplayed('history')" autocomplete="off"> 1
260 distinct issues were found in the sample of 125 web pages.
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