What does this mean?

People using screen readers are not able to see the layout of a form. To make forms accessible, they must define explicit text labels for each form control.

Usually the best solution is to use a <label> element. The label may be linked to by the form control:

<label for="name">Full name</label>
<input type="name" id="name">

or the <label> can be wrapped around the form control:

    Full name <input type="name">

Buttons are different, as their labels are specified by the code for the button, e.g.

<input type="submit" value="Send message">
<button>Send message</button>

Alternatively ARIA attributes, such as aria-label may be used, but this information will not be conveyed to visual users. For more information, see W3C's guide to labeling controls.

Hidden input fields (<input type="hidden">) do not require labels. Note that the placeholder attribute should not be used as an alternative to a label.

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How close this website is to fixing this issue.

HTML Found on page Issues
<input id="siteSearch" accesskey="q" class="search" title="Search the website" type="search" autocomplete="off" placeholder="Search the website" size="15" name="query"> 124
<input id="goButton" title="Search our website" type="button"> 124
<button type="button" class="slick-prev">...</button> 7
<button type="button" class="slick-next">...</button> 7
<input id="courseSearch" type="search" placeholder="Search for a course…" x-ref="searchField" x-model.debounce.300="search" x-on:keydown.enter.prevent x-on:keydown.window.prevent.slash="$refs.searchField.focus()"> 1
<input id="Template_gobutton" title="Search our website" type="button" name="Template$gobutton"> 1
<input id="researchSearch" name="q" placeholder="Search all of our research…" type="search" value> 1
<input class="ak-control" data-split-name="true" type="text" name="surname" id="surname" placeholder="Last Name" data-dtr="lname"> 1
<input id="search" accesskey="q" class="ui-autocomplete-input search-box-input" title="Search the website" type="search" autocomplete="off" placeholder="Search website" size="15" name="query"> 1
<input id="goResearch" title="Search!" type="button"> 1
270 distinct issues were found in the sample of 125 web pages. Only the first 10 issues are shown here.
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