What does this mean?

People using screen readers are not able to see the layout of a form. To make forms accessible, they must define explicit text labels for each form control.

Usually the best solution is to use a <label> element. The label may be linked to by the form control:

<label for="name">Full name</label>
<input type="name" id="name">

or the <label> can be wrapped around the form control:

<label>
    Full name <input type="name">
</label>

Buttons are different, as their labels are specified by the code for the button, e.g.

<input type="submit" value="Send message">
<button>Send message</button>

Alternatively ARIA attributes, such as aria-label may be used, but this information will not be conveyed to visual users. For more information, see W3C's guide to labeling controls.

Hidden input fields (<input type="hidden">) do not require labels. Note that the placeholder attribute should not be used as an alternative to a label.



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HTML Found on page Issues
<button type="submit" value="Submit" class="main-nav__input-submit">...</button> 896
<input type="text" autocomplete="off" placeholder="Type here to search" name="query" class="main-nav__input-field js-search-field"> 224
<input type="text" autocomplete="off" placeholder="Type here to explore research" name="query" class="main-nav__input-field js-search-field"> 224
<select name="f.Level|courseLevel" class="form-dropdown__origin js-main-nav-select">...</select> 224
<input type="text" autocomplete="off" placeholder="Type here to find a person" name="query" class="main-nav__input-field js-search-field"> 224
<input type="text" autocomplete="off" placeholder="Type here to find a course" name="query" class="main-nav__input-field js-search-field"> 224
<button type="button" class="cookie-bar__close-btn">...</button> 125
<button type="button" class="notification-bar__icon">...</button> 125
<button type="button" class="filter-box__button-close js-filter-close-button">...</button> 71
<select id="Department" name="Department" class="form-dropdown__origin js-filter">...</select> 65
2619 distinct issues were found in the sample of 125 web pages. Only the first 10 issues are shown here.
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