What does this mean?

People using screen readers are not able to see the layout of a form. To make forms accessible, they must define explicit text labels for each form control.

Usually the best solution is to use a <label> element. The label may be linked to by the form control:

<label for="name">Full name</label>
<input type="name" id="name">

or the <label> can be wrapped around the form control:

<label>
    Full name <input type="name">
</label>

Buttons are different, as their labels are specified by the code for the button, e.g.

<input type="submit" value="Send message">
<button>Send message</button>

Alternatively ARIA attributes, such as aria-label may be used, but this information will not be conveyed to visual users. For more information, see W3C's guide to labeling controls.

Hidden input fields (<input type="hidden">) do not require labels. Note that the placeholder attribute should not be used as an alternative to a label.



84.8% done

How close this website is to fixing this issue.

HTML Found on page Issues
<button type="submit" class="button-primary " aria-label data-behavior>...</button> 13
<span class="select2-selection__rendered" id="select2-edit-course-level-container" role="textbox" aria-readonly="true">...</span> 10
<button class="menu-icon" type="button" data-toggle> 4
<span class="select2-selection__rendered" id="select2-edit-course-level-container" role="textbox" aria-readonly="true" title=" Undergraduate level "> Undergraduate level </span> 3
<span class="select2-selection__rendered" id="select2-edit-scholarship-country-container" role="textbox" aria-readonly="true">...</span> 3
<span class="select2-selection__rendered" id="select2-edit-scholarship-country-container" role="textbox" aria-readonly="true" title=" Iran "> Iran </span> 1
<button aria-label tabindex="0" class="btn btn-lg btn-primary mb-2 md:mb-6 mx-auto lg:mr-6 text-inherit" id="welcome-video-btn">...</button> 1
<input placeholder="Search PhD projects" data-drupal-selector="edit-search-api-fulltext" type="text" id="edit-search-api-fulltext--2" name="search_api_fulltext" value size="30" maxlength="128" class="form-text"> 1
<span class="select2-selection__rendered" id="select2-edit-scholarship-country-container" role="textbox" aria-readonly="true" title=" Laos "> Laos </span> 1
<span class="select2-selection__rendered" id="select2-edit-scholarship-country-container" role="textbox" aria-readonly="true" title=" Cuba "> Cuba </span> 1
47 distinct issues were found in the sample of 125 web pages. Only the first 10 issues are shown here.
More results from University of Dundee