What does this mean?

People using screen readers are not able to see the layout of a form. To make forms accessible, they must define explicit text labels for each form control.

Usually the best solution is to use a <label> element. The label may be linked to by the form control:

<label for="name">Full name</label>
<input type="name" id="name">

or the <label> can be wrapped around the form control:

<label>
    Full name <input type="name">
</label>

Buttons are different, as their labels are specified by the code for the button, e.g.

<input type="submit" value="Send message">
<button>Send message</button>

Alternatively ARIA attributes, such as aria-label may be used, but this information will not be conveyed to visual users. For more information, see W3C's guide to labeling controls.

Hidden input fields (<input type="hidden">) do not require labels. Note that the placeholder attribute should not be used as an alternative to a label.



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How close this website is to fixing this issue.

HTML Found on page Issues
<input class="global-search__keywords ui-autocomplete-input" id="global-search__keywords--courses" name="cQueryH" type="search" placeholder="Search courses" autocomplete="off"> 56
<input class="global-search__keywords visually-hidden" id="global-search__keywords--whole-site" name="cQueryH" type="search" placeholder="Search staffs.ac.uk"> 56
<select name="grade[]" class="offer-calculator__result" required="required" data-required="true"> 1
<select name="qualifications[]" class="offer-calculator__qualification" required="required" data-required="true">...</select> 1
<input id="clearing-course-search__field" class="clearing-course-search__field" type="search" name="search" placeholder="Search by keyword"> 1
115 distinct issues were found in the sample of 125 web pages.
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