What does this mean?

People using screen readers are not able to see the layout of a form. To make forms accessible, they must define explicit text labels for each form control.

Usually the best solution is to use a <label> element. The label may be linked to by the form control:

<label for="name">Full name</label>
<input type="name" id="name">

or the <label> can be wrapped around the form control:

    Full name <input type="name">

Buttons are different, as their labels are specified by the code for the button, e.g.

<input type="submit" value="Send message">
<button>Send message</button>

Alternatively ARIA attributes, such as aria-label may be used, but this information will not be conveyed to visual users. For more information, see W3C's guide to labeling controls.

Hidden input fields (<input type="hidden">) do not require labels. Note that the placeholder attribute should not be used as an alternative to a label.

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How close this website is to fixing this issue.

HTML Found on page Issues
<select id="WardsDropdown" name="showWardList" title="select a ward">...</select> 4
<input type="text" name="c189ae290cce49ceaac7577d23f65357"> 1
<input type="text" name="e0d56b1acccc4e7ba88e9ff559b8f614"> 1
<input data-val="true" data-val-equalto="The password and confirmation password do not match." data-val-equalto-other="*.Password" data-val-regex="Password must include one upper case letter, one lower case letter, one digit and be at least 8 characters long." data-val-regex-pattern="^(?=.*[a-z])(?=.*[A-Z])(?=.*\d).{8,}$" data-val-required="The ConfirmPassword field is required." id="ConfirmPassword" name="ConfirmPassword" placeholder="Confirm password" type="password"> 1
<input data-val="true" data-val-required="Assignment Number is required" id="AssignmentNumber" name="AssignmentNumber" placeholder="Assignment number" type="text" value> 1
<input type="text" name="02d437afeb5c47969756945e726ed41e"> 1
<input type="text" class=" text datepickerfield" name="eba8105c-3a51-40a3-e06e-ec0c54d64718" id="eba8105c-3a51-40a3-e06e-ec0c54d64718_1" autocomplete="off" value> 1
<input type="text" name="295c91dd60a743d1bf3b19d7a1d8e187"> 1
<input data-val="true" data-val-required="Full Name is required" id="FullName" name="FullName" placeholder="Full name" type="text" value> 1
<input type="text" name="b2e3f98a1b9d48158958f4c989314dab"> 1
16 distinct issues were found in the sample of 125 web pages. Only the first 10 issues are shown here.
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