What does this mean?

People using screen readers are not able to see the layout of a form. To make forms accessible, they must define explicit text labels for each form control.

Usually the best solution is to use a <label> element. The label may be linked to by the form control:

<label for="name">Full name</label>
<input type="name" id="name">

or the <label> can be wrapped around the form control:

    Full name <input type="name">

Buttons are different, as their labels are specified by the code for the button, e.g.

<input type="submit" value="Send message">
<button>Send message</button>

Alternatively ARIA attributes, such as aria-label may be used, but this information will not be conveyed to visual users. For more information, see W3C's guide to labeling controls.

Hidden input fields (<input type="hidden">) do not require labels. Note that the placeholder attribute should not be used as an alternative to a label.

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How close this website is to fixing this issue.

HTML Found on page Issues
<button class="ccm-search-block-submit" name="Search">...</button> 124
<input name="query" type="text" value class="ccm-search-block-text" placeholder="What are you looking for?" autocomplete="off"> 109
<input type="text" name="keywords" class="search-field" placeholder="Type search keywords (e.g. 'Cancer')..." value> 22
<input name="query" type="text" value class="ccm-search-block-text" placeholder="Search this website..." autocomplete="off"> 15
<input class="text" type="number" min="0" name="otherAmt" id="otherAmt" placeholder="Other amount (Please Specify)" step=".01"> 1
<textarea rows="3" maxlen="255" name="reason" id="reason" placeholder="Tell us more about why you’re making this donation"></textarea> 1
<input type="password" id="pagePassword" name="pagePassword" value style class="form-control ccm-input-password"> 1
<input type="text" name="keywords" class="search-field" placeholder="Type search keywords (e.g. 'Cancer')..." value autocomplete="off"> 1
274 distinct issues were found in the sample of 125 web pages.
More results from South Tyneside and Sunderland NHS Foundation Trust