What does this mean?

People using screen readers are not able to see the layout of a form. To make forms accessible, they must define explicit text labels for each form control.

Usually the best solution is to use a <label> element. The label may be linked to by the form control:

<label for="name">Full name</label>
<input type="name" id="name">

or the <label> can be wrapped around the form control:

    Full name <input type="name">

Buttons are different, as their labels are specified by the code for the button, e.g.

<input type="submit" value="Send message">
<button>Send message</button>

Alternatively ARIA attributes, such as aria-label may be used, but this information will not be conveyed to visual users. For more information, see W3C's guide to labeling controls.

Hidden input fields (<input type="hidden">) do not require labels. Note that the placeholder attribute should not be used as an alternative to a label.

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How close this website is to fixing this issue.

HTML Found on page Issues
<button type="submit" class="btn btn-default">...</button> 625
<input type="text" placeholder="Search..." class="form-control" id="key" name="key"> 500
<input type="text" placeholder="Search help topics" class="form-control" id="key" name="key"> 125
<input type="text" name="af2a1df7959b4fcfaee5b0f68bc92dff"> 1
<input type="text" name="0085dece0beb4c07967304900e498121"> 1
<button class="image_button" data-toggle="modal" data-target="#myModal-12">...</button> 1
<button class="image_button" data-toggle="modal" data-target="#myModal-11">...</button> 1
<button class="image_button" data-toggle="modal" data-target="#myModal-7">...</button> 1
<button class="image_button" data-toggle="modal" data-target="#myModal-4">...</button> 1
<button class="image_button" data-toggle="modal" data-target="#myModal-5">...</button> 1
1279 distinct issues were found in the sample of 125 web pages. Only the first 10 issues are shown here.
More results from South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust