What does this mean?

Tables which contain information should have clear headers defined.

In this example, the top row of the table is a header:

Surname City
Washington London
Phoenix Arizona
Austin Travis

Notice how without the header here, it would be almost impossible to understand what the individual values mean ("Washington" could be a city or a surname).

It is not enough to just make the headers look differently, as accessible technologies will not recognize this (for example, a screen reader cannot 'see' different colors or fonts). Table headings must be defined using the <th> tag.

This example shows how a table should use a <th> to mark cells as headings. Note the use of the col attribute, to specify these headings are for the column:

<table>
  <tr>
    <th scope="col">First name</th>
    <th scope="col">City</th>
  </tr>
  <tr>
    <td>Washington</td>
    <td>London</td>
  </tr>
  <tr>
    <td>Phoenix</td>
    <td>Arizona</td>
  </tr>
  <tr>
    <td>Austin</td>
    <td>Travis</td>
  </tr>
</table>

Tables which are used purely for layout do not need to do this. However, the use of tables for layout is strongly discouraged. This check will ignore tables that it believes are purposely used for layout.

Learn more about accessible table design (W3C).



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HTML Found on page Issues
<table border="1" cellpadding="1" cellspacing="1" summary="St. Joseph's Catholic Primary School ">...</table> 2
<table border="1" cellpadding="1" cellspacing="1" summary="Swinton Fitzwilliam Primary School ">...</table> 1
<table border="1" cellpadding="1" cellspacing="1" summary="Ravenfield Primary School ">...</table> 1
<table border="1" cellpadding="1" cellspacing="1" summary="Brinsworth Manor Junior School ">...</table> 1
<table border="1" cellpadding="1" cellspacing="1" summary="Wath Central Primary School ">...</table> 1
<table border="1" cellpadding="1" cellspacing="1" summary="Whiston Worrygoose Junior and Infant School ">...</table> 1
<table border="1" cellpadding="1" cellspacing="1" summary="Anston Park Infant School ">...</table> 1
<table border="1" cellpadding="1" cellspacing="1" summary="Listerdale Junior Academy ">...</table> 1
<table border="1" cellpadding="1" cellspacing="1" summary="Aughton Primary School ">...</table> 1
<table border="1" cellpadding="1" cellspacing="1" summary="Trinity Croft C of E Primary Academy ">...</table> 1
98 distinct issues were found in the sample of 125 web pages. Only the first 10 issues are shown here.
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