What does this mean?

People using screen readers are not able to see the layout of a form. To make forms accessible, they must define explicit text labels for each form control.

Usually the best solution is to use a <label> element. The label may be linked to by the form control:

<label for="name">Full name</label>
<input type="name" id="name">

or the <label> can be wrapped around the form control:

<label>
    Full name <input type="name">
</label>

Buttons are different, as their labels are specified by the code for the button, e.g.

<input type="submit" value="Send message">
<button>Send message</button>

Alternatively ARIA attributes, such as aria-label may be used, but this information will not be conveyed to visual users. For more information, see W3C's guide to labeling controls.

Hidden input fields (<input type="hidden">) do not require labels. Note that the placeholder attribute should not be used as an alternative to a label.



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HTML Found on page Issues
<button type="button" class="header__nav-back-btn js-nav-back-btn">...</button> 500
<button type="button" class="btn-search js-search-btn">...</button> 125
<input type="text" name="search" id="search" autocomplete="off" placeholder="Enter the first 3 letters to search…" class="js-typeahead-text field-container__input"> 7
<button type="button" class="card-carousel__previous">...</button> 2
<button type="button" class="card-carousel__next">...</button> 2
<input class="form-control field-container__input" data-ktc-notobserved-element id="form-SubjectAccessRequest-d914_TextInput_2_Value" name="form-SubjectAccessRequest-d914.TextInput_2.Value" placeholder="Surname" type="text" value> 1
<select class="form-control field-container__input" data-ktc-notobserved-element id="form-ReportAnti_socialBehaviour-c581_Reported_before_SelectedValue" name="form-ReportAnti_socialBehaviour-c581.Reported_before.SelectedValue">...</select> 1
<input class="form-control field-container__input" data-ktc-notobserved-element id="form-HallHireEnquiry-ccae_TextInput_4_Value" name="form-HallHireEnquiry-ccae.TextInput_4.Value" placeholder="If other, please specify" type="text" value> 1
<input class="form-control field-container__input" data-ktc-notobserved-element id="form-HallHireEnquiry-ccae_Email_Value" name="form-HallHireEnquiry-ccae.Email.Value" placeholder="Email" type="text" value> 1
<input class="form-control field-container__input" data-ktc-notobserved-element id="form-SubjectAccessRequest-d914_TextInput_3_Value" name="form-SubjectAccessRequest-d914.TextInput_3.Value" placeholder="Previous names (if relevant to request, e.g. maiden name)" type="text" value> 1
719 distinct issues were found in the sample of 125 web pages. Only the first 10 issues are shown here.
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