What does this mean?

People using screen readers are not able to see the layout of a form. To make forms accessible, they must define explicit text labels for each form control.

Usually the best solution is to use a <label> element. The label may be linked to by the form control:

<label for="name">Full name</label>
<input type="name" id="name">

or the <label> can be wrapped around the form control:

    Full name <input type="name">

Buttons are different, as their labels are specified by the code for the button, e.g.

<input type="submit" value="Send message">
<button>Send message</button>

Alternatively ARIA attributes, such as aria-label may be used, but this information will not be conveyed to visual users. For more information, see W3C's guide to labeling controls.

Hidden input fields (<input type="hidden">) do not require labels. Note that the placeholder attribute should not be used as an alternative to a label.

60% done

How close this website is to fixing this issue.

HTML Found on page Issues
<input type="text" name="firstname" placeholder="First name" id="firstname" value> 4
<input type="text" name="email" placeholder="Email address" id="email" value> 4
<input type="text" placeholder="Surname" name="surname" id="surname" value> 4
<textarea name="text" id="text" placeholder="Tell us how we can help you" cols="55" rows="7" value></textarea> 1
<input type="text" placeholder="Phone number" name="phone" id="phone" value> 1
<input type="checkbox" name="news[]" value="yes"> 1
15 distinct issues were found in the sample of 10 web pages.
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