What does this mean?

People using screen readers are not able to see the layout of a form. To make forms accessible, they must define explicit text labels for each form control.

Usually the best solution is to use a <label> element. The label may be linked to by the form control:

<label for="name">Full name</label>
<input type="name" id="name">

or the <label> can be wrapped around the form control:

    Full name <input type="name">

Buttons are different, as their labels are specified by the code for the button, e.g.

<input type="submit" value="Send message">
<button>Send message</button>

Alternatively ARIA attributes, such as aria-label may be used, but this information will not be conveyed to visual users. For more information, see W3C's guide to labeling controls.

Hidden input fields (<input type="hidden">) do not require labels. Note that the placeholder attribute should not be used as an alternative to a label.

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How close this website is to fixing this issue.

HTML Found on page Issues
<input name="search" type="text" placeholder="Enter your search keyword(s)"> 124
<div class="slick-track" style="opacity: 1; width: 2660px; transform: translate3d(-1520px, 0px, 0px); transition: transform 1000ms cubic-bezier(0.86, 0, 0.07, 1) 0s;" role="listbox">...</div> 3
<input class="full-width" id="Surname" name="Surname" placeholder="Last name *" required="required" type="text" value> 1
<select name="year" class="full-width">...</select> 1
<input class="full-width" id="Email" name="Email" placeholder="Email address *" required="required" type="text" value> 1
<input class="full-width" id="Forename" name="Forename" placeholder="First name *" required="required" type="text" value> 1
<input class="full-width mb-20" id="Occupation" name="Occupation" placeholder="Your occupation *" required="required" type="text" value> 1
132 distinct issues were found in the sample of 125 web pages.
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