What does this mean?

People using screen readers are not able to see the layout of a form. To make forms accessible, they must define explicit text labels for each form control.

Usually the best solution is to use a <label> element. The label may be linked to by the form control:

<label for="name">Full name</label>
<input type="name" id="name">

or the <label> can be wrapped around the form control:

<label>
    Full name <input type="name">
</label>

Buttons are different, as their labels are specified by the code for the button, e.g.

<input type="submit" value="Send message">
<button>Send message</button>

Alternatively ARIA attributes, such as aria-label may be used, but this information will not be conveyed to visual users. For more information, see W3C's guide to labeling controls.

Hidden input fields (<input type="hidden">) do not require labels. Note that the placeholder attribute should not be used as an alternative to a label.



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HTML Found on page Issues
<input class="formIpBox" tabindex="5" type="text" id="emailchk" name="emailchk" size="40" maxlength="50" value="e-Mail Check" onclick="f_jsCM_clearField('emailchk');"> 1
<input class="radio" tabindex="8" type="radio" name="numberCheck" value="even"> 1
<input class="formIpBoxRqd" tabindex="1" type="text" id="name" name="name" size="40" maxlength="30" value="Name" onclick="f_jsCM_clearField('name');"> 1
<input class="formIpBox" tabindex="2" type="text" id="surname" name="surname" size="40" maxlength="30" value="Surname" onclick="f_jsCM_clearField('surname');"> 1
<textarea class="formIpBox" tabindex="6" rows="4" cols="40" id="email_message_txt" name="email_message_txt" onfocus="f_jsCM_clearField('email_message_txt')">A Short Message </textarea> 1
<input class="radio" tabindex="7" type="radio" name="numberCheck" value="odd"> 1
<input class="formIpBox" tabindex="3" type="text" id="phone" name="phone" size="38" maxlength="50" value="Telephone Number" onclick="f_jsCM_clearField('phone');"> 1
<input class="formIpBox" tabindex="4" type="text" id="email" name="email" size="40" maxlength="50" value="e-Mail" onclick="f_jsCM_clearField('email');"> 1
8 distinct issues were found in the sample of 7 web pages.
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