What does this mean?

People using screen readers are not able to see the layout of a form. To make forms accessible, they must define explicit text labels for each form control.

Usually the best solution is to use a <label> element. The label may be linked to by the form control:

<label for="name">Full name</label>
<input type="name" id="name">

or the <label> can be wrapped around the form control:

    Full name <input type="name">

Buttons are different, as their labels are specified by the code for the button, e.g.

<input type="submit" value="Send message">
<button>Send message</button>

Alternatively ARIA attributes, such as aria-label may be used, but this information will not be conveyed to visual users. For more information, see W3C's guide to labeling controls.

Hidden input fields (<input type="hidden">) do not require labels. Note that the placeholder attribute should not be used as an alternative to a label.

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How close this website is to fixing this issue.

HTML Found on page Issues
<button type="button" class="navbar-toggle" data-toggle="collapse" data-target=".navbar-collapse">...</button> 43
<input id="subject" placeholder="Enter Your Email Address" class="form-control2" name="email" type="email" value size="30" aria-required="true"> 3
<input id="name" placeholder="Your Name Here" class="form-control1" name="author" type="text" value size="30" aria-required="true"> 3
<textarea id="comments" placeholder="Type Message Here" class="form-control4" name="comment" cols="45" rows="3" aria-required="true"></textarea> 3
<input class="requiredField" type="password" name="smartPassword" id="smartPassword" value> 1
<textarea name="your-message" cols="40" rows="10" class="wpcf7-form-control wpcf7-textarea wpcf7-validates-as-required" aria-required="true" aria-invalid="false"></textarea> 1
<input type="search" name="s" value placeholder="Search Here"> 1
<input type="text" name="your-phone" value size="40" class="wpcf7-form-control wpcf7-text wpcf7-validates-as-required" aria-required="true" aria-invalid="false"> 1
<input type="email" name="your-email" value size="40" class="wpcf7-form-control wpcf7-text wpcf7-email wpcf7-validates-as-required wpcf7-validates-as-email" aria-required="true" aria-invalid="false"> 1
<button type="submit">...</button> 1
59 distinct issues were found in the sample of 43 web pages. Only the first 10 issues are shown here.
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