What does this mean?

People using screen readers are not able to see the layout of a form. To make forms accessible, they must define explicit text labels for each form control.

Usually the best solution is to use a <label> element. The label may be linked to by the form control:

<label for="name">Full name</label>
<input type="name" id="name">

or the <label> can be wrapped around the form control:

    Full name <input type="name">

Buttons are different, as their labels are specified by the code for the button, e.g.

<input type="submit" value="Send message">
<button>Send message</button>

Alternatively ARIA attributes, such as aria-label may be used, but this information will not be conveyed to visual users. For more information, see W3C's guide to labeling controls.

Hidden input fields (<input type="hidden">) do not require labels. Note that the placeholder attribute should not be used as an alternative to a label.

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HTML Found on page Issues
<input class="search-form--search-input" type="text" name="q" value placeholder="search"> 125
<input type="email" name="yourAddress" class="form-control" id="yourAddress" placeholder="Your Email" autocomplete="off" required> 55
<input type="text" name="telephone" class="form-control" id="telephone" placeholder="content--emailToAFriend--telephone" autocomplete="off"> 55
<textarea name="message" class="form-control" id="message" rows="5" placeholder="content--emailToAFriend--message.placeholder">I saw this and thought it might be of interest to you...</textarea> 55
<input type="text" name="theirAddress" class="form-control" id="theirAddress" placeholder="Their Email" autocomplete="off" required> 55
<input type="text" id="email-subject" name="email-subject" placeholder="Email Subject" class="form-control" value> 55
<input type="text" name="theirName" class="form-control" id="theirName" placeholder="Their Name" autocomplete="off" required> 55
<input type="text" name="yourName" class="form-control" id="yourName" placeholder="Your name" autocomplete="off" required> 55
<input class="error-search-form--search-input" type="text" name="q" value="invented url for 404 page" placeholder="search" style="width: 70%; float: left"> 1
<div class="slick-track" role="listbox" style="opacity: 1; width: 6600px; left: -3300px;">...</div> 1
512 distinct issues were found in the sample of 125 web pages. Only the first 10 issues are shown here.
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