What does this mean?

People using screen readers are not able to see the layout of a form. To make forms accessible, they must define explicit text labels for each form control.

Usually the best solution is to use a <label> element. The label may be linked to by the form control:

<label for="name">Full name</label>
<input type="name" id="name">

or the <label> can be wrapped around the form control:

<label>
    Full name <input type="name">
</label>

Buttons are different, as their labels are specified by the code for the button, e.g.

<input type="submit" value="Send message">
<button>Send message</button>

Alternatively ARIA attributes, such as aria-label may be used, but this information will not be conveyed to visual users. For more information, see W3C's guide to labeling controls.

Hidden input fields (<input type="hidden">) do not require labels. Note that the placeholder attribute should not be used as an alternative to a label.



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HTML Found on page Issues
<button type="submit" class="searchbutton">...</button> 48
<button class="btn" type="submit">...</button> 48
<input type="email" class="form-control" placeholder="Email Address" required> 48
<input class="searchterm" placeholder="Search.." id="search" name="q" type="text"> 48
<input name="email" type="email" class="form-control" placeholder="Email" required> 3
<textarea name="message" class="form-control" rows="10" placeholder="Message" required></textarea> 3
<input name="name" type="text" class="form-control" placeholder="Name" required> 3
<input name="phone" type="text" class="form-control" placeholder="Phone" required> 3
<input name="subject" type="text" class="form-control" placeholder="Subject" required> 3
<input type="checkbox" name="gdpr[]" value="necessary" checked="checked" disabled="disabled"> 1
208 distinct issues were found in the sample of 48 web pages. Only the first 10 issues are shown here.
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