What does this mean?

People using screen readers are not able to see the layout of a form. To make forms accessible, they must define explicit text labels for each form control.

Usually the best solution is to use a <label> element. The label may be linked to by the form control:

<label for="name">Full name</label>
<input type="name" id="name">

or the <label> can be wrapped around the form control:

    Full name <input type="name">

Buttons are different, as their labels are specified by the code for the button, e.g.

<input type="submit" value="Send message">
<button>Send message</button>

Alternatively ARIA attributes, such as aria-label may be used, but this information will not be conveyed to visual users. For more information, see W3C's guide to labeling controls.

Hidden input fields (<input type="hidden">) do not require labels. Note that the placeholder attribute should not be used as an alternative to a label.

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HTML Found on page Issues
<input placeholder="Search …" name="_sf_search[]" class="sf-input-text" type="text" value title> 154
<span class="select2-selection__rendered" id="select2-input_34_13-container" role="textbox" aria-readonly="true" title="Female">Female</span> 1
<span class="select2-selection__rendered" id="select2-input_34_8-container" role="textbox" aria-readonly="true" title="Yes">Yes</span> 1
<span class="select2-selection__rendered" id="select2-input_34_24-container" role="textbox" aria-readonly="true" title="Yes">Yes</span> 1
<input autocomplete="off" class="um-form-field valid " type="text" name="username-6" id="username-6" value placeholder="E-mail Address*" data-validate="unique_email" data-key="username"> 1
<span class="select2-selection__rendered" id="select2-input_34_7-container" role="textbox" aria-readonly="true" title="Established business">Established business</span> 1
<span class="select2-selection__rendered" id="select2-input_15_3-container" role="textbox" aria-readonly="true" title="Why you're reaching out">Why you're reaching out</span> 1
<span class="select2-selection__rendered" id="select2-input_34_19-container" role="textbox" aria-readonly="true" title="0-6 months">0-6 months</span> 1
<span class="select2-selection__rendered" id="select2-input_34_22-container" role="textbox" aria-readonly="true" title="up to £27,000">up to £27,000</span> 1
<input class="um-form-field valid " type="password" name="user_password-6" id="user_password-6" value placeholder="Password*" data-validate data-key="user_password"> 1
182 distinct issues were found in the sample of 125 web pages. Only the first 10 issues are shown here.
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