What does this mean?

People using screen readers are not able to see the layout of a form. To make forms accessible, they must define explicit text labels for each form control.

Usually the best solution is to use a <label> element. The label may be linked to by the form control:

<label for="name">Full name</label>
<input type="name" id="name">

or the <label> can be wrapped around the form control:

<label>
    Full name <input type="name">
</label>

Buttons are different, as their labels are specified by the code for the button, e.g.

<input type="submit" value="Send message">
<button>Send message</button>

Alternatively ARIA attributes, such as aria-label may be used, but this information will not be conveyed to visual users. For more information, see W3C's guide to labeling controls.

Hidden input fields (<input type="hidden">) do not require labels. Note that the placeholder attribute should not be used as an alternative to a label.



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HTML Found on page Issues
<input type="text" class="search-input" name="query" placeholder="Search" autocomplete="off" aria-labelledby="search-floater"> 101
<input id="articles-subscribe-email" type="email" placeholder="Your email address"> 64
<input type="search" id="article-list-search-text" placeholder="Search articles"> 63
<button class="module-sidenav-toggle">...</button> 8
<select id="articles-list-year-select" class="articles-filters">...</select> 4
<select id="articles-list-month-select" class="articles-filters">...</select> 4
<select id="articles-list-category-select" class="articles-filters" data-val="true" data-val-required="The ActiveCategoryId field is required." name="Categories.ActiveCategoryId">...</select> 4
<input type="text" placeholder="Company" data-val="true" data-val-length="Your company cannot be longer than 50 characters" data-val-length-max="50" data-val-regex="PLEASE ENTER LETTERS, NUMBERS, SPACES AND DASHES ONLY - OTHER CHARACTERS NOT VALID" data-val-regex-pattern="^(?![\s\S]*(([h,H][t,T][t,T][p,P]([s,S]?)\:\/\/)|(\<[\!,\/,\?,a-z,A-Z]|\&amp;\#))[\s\S]*)[\s\S]*$" data-val-required="PLEASE ENTER YOUR COMPANY" id="Company" name="Company" value> 2
<input type="text" placeholder="Country" data-val="true" data-val-length="Your country cannot be longer than 50 characters" data-val-length-max="50" data-val-regex="PLEASE ENTER LETTERS, NUMBERS, SPACES AND DASHES ONLY - OTHER CHARACTERS NOT VALID" data-val-regex-pattern="^(?![\s\S]*(([h,H][t,T][t,T][p,P]([s,S]?)\:\/\/)|(\<[\!,\/,\?,a-z,A-Z]|\&amp;\#))[\s\S]*)[\s\S]*$" data-val-required="PLEASE ENTER YOUR COUNTRY" id="Country" name="Country" value> 2
<select data-val="true" data-val-length="Your title cannot be longer than 50 characters" data-val-length-max="50" data-val-regex="PLEASE ENTER LETTERS, NUMBERS, SPACES AND DASHES ONLY - OTHER CHARACTERS NOT VALID" data-val-regex-pattern="^(?![\s\S]*(([h,H][t,T][t,T][p,P]([s,S]?)\:\/\/)|(\<[\!,\/,\?,a-z,A-Z]|\&amp;\#))[\s\S]*)[\s\S]*$" data-val-required="PLEASE ENTER YOUR TITLE" id="Title" name="Title">...</select> 2
271 distinct issues were found in the sample of 102 web pages. Only the first 10 issues are shown here.
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