What does this mean?

People using screen readers are not able to see the layout of a form. To make forms accessible, they must define explicit text labels for each form control.

Usually the best solution is to use a <label> element. The label may be linked to by the form control:

<label for="name">Full name</label>
<input type="name" id="name">

or the <label> can be wrapped around the form control:

<label>
    Full name <input type="name">
</label>

Buttons are different, as their labels are specified by the code for the button, e.g.

<input type="submit" value="Send message">
<button>Send message</button>

Alternatively ARIA attributes, such as aria-label may be used, but this information will not be conveyed to visual users. For more information, see W3C's guide to labeling controls.

Hidden input fields (<input type="hidden">) do not require labels. Note that the placeholder attribute should not be used as an alternative to a label.



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HTML Found on page Issues
<button class="icon-search a-search-button v-button-clear-styling"> 250
<input type="text" placeholder="Search" class name="q" id="search-input" autocomplete="off"> 125
<button class="icon-close a-mega-menu-close-button v-small v-button-clear-styling"> 125
<button class="icon-burger a-menu-button v-button-clear-styling"> 125
<button type="submit" class="icon-search v-button-clear-styling"> 125
<select class="v-populated " data-property-alias="sector">...</select> 6
<select class=" " data-property-alias="date">...</select> 4
<select class=" " data-property-alias="topic">...</select> 2
<button class="icon-search color-brand-primary v-button-clear-styling" type="submit"> 1
<input type="text" placeholder="Text field" name="q"> 1
768 distinct issues were found in the sample of 125 web pages. Only the first 10 issues are shown here.
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