What does this mean?

People using screen readers are not able to see the layout of a form. To make forms accessible, they must define explicit text labels for each form control.

Usually the best solution is to use a <label> element. The label may be linked to by the form control:

<label for="name">Full name</label>
<input type="name" id="name">

or the <label> can be wrapped around the form control:

<label>
    Full name <input type="name">
</label>

Buttons are different, as their labels are specified by the code for the button, e.g.

<input type="submit" value="Send message">
<button>Send message</button>

Alternatively ARIA attributes, such as aria-label may be used, but this information will not be conveyed to visual users. For more information, see W3C's guide to labeling controls.

Hidden input fields (<input type="hidden">) do not require labels. Note that the placeholder attribute should not be used as an alternative to a label.



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HTML Found on page Issues
<a href="#" role="button" id="clear-search-input" aria-describedby="ariaClearField" class="search-clear">Clear search field</a> 125
<select class="select" name="tab-select">...</select> 6
<button class="m-button aem-button--icon-only" type="button" aria-roledescription="Decrease amount – click or press the enter key" aria-describedby="amtInputVal">...</button> 5
<button class="m-button aem-button--icon-only" type="button" aria-roledescription="Decrease term – click or press the enter key" aria-describedby="termInputVal">...</button> 5
<button class="m-button aem-button--icon-only" type="button" aria-roledescription="Increase term – click or press the enter key" aria-describedby="termInputVal">...</button> 5
<button class="m-button aem-button--icon-only" type="button" aria-roledescription="Increase amount – click or press the enter key" aria-describedby="amtInputVal">...</button> 5
<input class="a-input-text a-input-text--centered a-input-text--full-height" id="termInputVal" aria-live="assertive" type="number" aria-valuenow="0" autocomplete="off" pattern="[0-9]*" inputmode="decimal" value="60" step="6" min="24" max="60" aria-roledescription="Stepper, Term in months"> 4
<input type="text" title="Please enter an address, town or postcode..." class="formSearch" placeholder="Please enter an address, town or postcode..." name="location" id="location" autocomplete="off"> 2
<ul class="common-questions--list" role="listbox">...</ul> 1
<input class="a-input-text a-input-text--centered a-input-text--full-height" id="termInputVal" aria-live="assertive" type="number" aria-valuenow="0" autocomplete="off" pattern="[0-9]*" inputmode="decimal" value="60" step="6" min="23" max="60" aria-roledescription="Stepper, Term in months"> 1
159 distinct issues were found in the sample of 125 web pages. Only the first 10 issues are shown here.
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