What does this mean?

People using screen readers are not able to see the layout of a form. To make forms accessible, they must define explicit text labels for each form control.

Usually the best solution is to use a <label> element. The label may be linked to by the form control:

<label for="name">Full name</label>
<input type="name" id="name">

or the <label> can be wrapped around the form control:

<label>
    Full name <input type="name">
</label>

Buttons are different, as their labels are specified by the code for the button, e.g.

<input type="submit" value="Send message">
<button>Send message</button>

Alternatively ARIA attributes, such as aria-label may be used, but this information will not be conveyed to visual users. For more information, see W3C's guide to labeling controls.

Hidden input fields (<input type="hidden">) do not require labels. Note that the placeholder attribute should not be used as an alternative to a label.



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HTML Found on page Issues
<input type="text" name="search_block_form" class="span4" placeholder="Search" title="Search"> 125
<button type="submit" class="btn tgov-search-btn">...</button> 125
<input type="text" name="post_code" id="edit-post-code" class="span2" placeholder="Postcode" title="Enter postcode to search my area"> 124
<input class size="35" id="edit-ns" name="ns" placeholder="Search headlines and articles" title="Search headlines and articles" type="text"> 54
<div class="switchSlot labelToggle" for="navbarLabelToggleInput" tabindex="0" role="checkbox" aria-checked="true" aria-label title="Turn labels on or off" aria-selected="false">...</div> 1
<div id="RadialMenu" class="NavBar_DropDown menu" role="listbox" aria-multiselectable="true">...</div> 1
<label class="labelToggle_label" role="button"> 1
<input type="text" name="post_code" id="edit-post-code" class="span3" placeholder="Road/Postcode" title="Road/Postcode"> 1
<label class="labelToggle_label" helper="[object Object]" role="button"> 1
433 distinct issues were found in the sample of 125 web pages.
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