What does this mean?

People using screen readers are not able to see the layout of a form. To make forms accessible, they must define explicit text labels for each form control.

Usually the best solution is to use a <label> element. The label may be linked to by the form control:

<label for="name">Full name</label>
<input type="name" id="name">

or the <label> can be wrapped around the form control:

<label>
    Full name <input type="name">
</label>

Buttons are different, as their labels are specified by the code for the button, e.g.

<input type="submit" value="Send message">
<button>Send message</button>

Alternatively ARIA attributes, such as aria-label may be used, but this information will not be conveyed to visual users. For more information, see W3C's guide to labeling controls.

Hidden input fields (<input type="hidden">) do not require labels. Note that the placeholder attribute should not be used as an alternative to a label.



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HTML Found on page Issues
<a class="btn btn-photo-info" role="button">...</a> 9
<button class="btn btn-link" type="submit">...</button> 5
<input type="text" autocomplete="off" placeholder="SEARCH" name="q" title="Search" class="autocomplete ac_input tt-input" id="navbar-search" spellcheck="false" dir="auto" style="position: relative; vertical-align: top; background-color: transparent;"> 5
<div class="carousel-inner" role="listbox">...</div> 2
<input type="text" id="main-search" class="autocomplete form-control ac_input tt-input" title="Search" name="q" placeholder="Search the NBN Atlas" autocomplete="off" spellcheck="false" dir="auto" style="position: relative; vertical-align: top; background-color: transparent;"> 1
<button type="submit" class="btn btn-link">...</button> 1
<a tabindex="0" class="btn btn-photo-info" role="button" data-toggle="popover" data-trigger="focus hover" data-placement="top" data-content="Holly blue on tansy, ©Jane V Adams">...</a> 1
24 distinct issues were found in the sample of 5 web pages.
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