What does this mean?

People using screen readers are not able to see the layout of a form. To make forms accessible, they must define explicit text labels for each form control.

Usually the best solution is to use a <label> element. The label may be linked to by the form control:

<label for="name">Full name</label>
<input type="name" id="name">

or the <label> can be wrapped around the form control:

    Full name <input type="name">

Buttons are different, as their labels are specified by the code for the button, e.g.

<input type="submit" value="Send message">
<button>Send message</button>

Alternatively ARIA attributes, such as aria-label may be used, but this information will not be conveyed to visual users. For more information, see W3C's guide to labeling controls.

Hidden input fields (<input type="hidden">) do not require labels. Note that the placeholder attribute should not be used as an alternative to a label.

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How close this website is to fixing this issue.

HTML Found on page Issues
<input type="submit" class="search-icon" value> 126
<input type="search" class="search-field f-18 f-ro fw3" placeholder="Search" name="s"> 125
<select class>...</select> 5
<input name="pid"> 3
<input name="u_scsid"> 3
<input name="u_sclid"> 3
<input type="search" class="search-field f-18 f-os fw5 search-results-field" placeholder="Search" name="s" value> 1
<select name="story-filter-studyfield" id="story-filter-studyfield" class="postform">...</select> 1
<select class="course_type" name="custom_filter[]">...</select> 1
<select name="story-filter-duration" id="story-filter-duration" class="postform">...</select> 1
270 distinct issues were found in the sample of 125 web pages. Only the first 10 issues are shown here.
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