What does this mean?

People using screen readers are not able to see the layout of a form. To make forms accessible, they must define explicit text labels for each form control.

Usually the best solution is to use a <label> element. The label may be linked to by the form control:

<label for="name">Full name</label>
<input type="name" id="name">

or the <label> can be wrapped around the form control:

    Full name <input type="name">

Buttons are different, as their labels are specified by the code for the button, e.g.

<input type="submit" value="Send message">
<button>Send message</button>

Alternatively ARIA attributes, such as aria-label may be used, but this information will not be conveyed to visual users. For more information, see W3C's guide to labeling controls.

Hidden input fields (<input type="hidden">) do not require labels. Note that the placeholder attribute should not be used as an alternative to a label.

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How close this website is to fixing this issue.

HTML Found on page Issues
<input type="text" class="field" name="s" id="s" placeholder="Search by postcode, city or town"> 10
<span class="select2-selection__rendered" id="select2-cat-container" role="textbox" aria-readonly="true" title="Filter By: Category">Filter By: Category</span> 4
<span class="select2-selection__rendered" id="select2-cat-container" role="textbox" aria-readonly="true" title="Filter by: Category">Filter by: Category</span> 3
<input class="donation-form__custom-amount-input" name="amount" type="text" inputmode="numeric" pattern="[0-9]*" placeholder="£ Other amount"> 2
<span class="select2-selection__rendered" id="select2-input_3_8-container" role="textbox" aria-readonly="true" title="Greater Manchester">Greater Manchester</span> 1
<select name="cat" id="cat" class="postform">...</select> 1
<span class="select2-selection__rendered" id="select2-input_5_5-container" role="textbox" aria-readonly="true" title="Reason for contact">Reason for contact</span> 1
22 distinct issues were found in the sample of 125 web pages.
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