What does this mean?

People using screen readers are not able to see the layout of a form. To make forms accessible, they must define explicit text labels for each form control.

Usually the best solution is to use a <label> element. The label may be linked to by the form control:

<label for="name">Full name</label>
<input type="name" id="name">

or the <label> can be wrapped around the form control:

    Full name <input type="name">

Buttons are different, as their labels are specified by the code for the button, e.g.

<input type="submit" value="Send message">
<button>Send message</button>

Alternatively ARIA attributes, such as aria-label may be used, but this information will not be conveyed to visual users. For more information, see W3C's guide to labeling controls.

Hidden input fields (<input type="hidden">) do not require labels. Note that the placeholder attribute should not be used as an alternative to a label.

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How close this website is to fixing this issue.

HTML Found on page Issues
<input name="InputKeywords" type="text" value="Search this site..." maxlength="200" id="ctl00_PlaceHolderSearchArea_ctl01_S3031AEBB_InputKeywords" accesskey="S" title="Search..." class="ms-sbplain s4-searchbox-QueryPrompt" alt="Search..." onkeypress="javascript: return S3031AEBB_OSBEK(event);" onfocus="if (document.getElementById('ctl00_PlaceHolderSearchArea_ctl01_ctl04').value =='0') {this.value=''; if (this.className == 's4-searchbox-QueryPrompt') this.className = ''; else this.className = this.className.replace(' s4-searchbox-QueryPrompt',''); document.getElementById('ctl00_PlaceHolderSearchArea_ctl01_ctl04').value=1;}" onblur="if (this.value =='') {this.value='Search this site...'; if (this.className.indexOf('s4-searchbox-QueryPrompt') == -1) this.className += this.className?' s4-searchbox-QueryPrompt':'s4-searchbox-QueryPrompt'; document.getElementById('ctl00_PlaceHolderSearchArea_ctl01_ctl04').value = '0'} else {document.getElementById('ctl00_PlaceHolderSearchArea_ctl01_ctl04').value='1';}" style="width 4
4 distinct issues were found in the sample of 5 web pages.
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